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How and Why NATO Is Adapting to Climate Change

From flooding of naval bases to forest fires threatening troop movements, climate change is damaging NATO’s ability to collectively defend the US, Canada, and Europe. Despite member states’ pledges to adapt NATO, initial reports indicate few changes to policy, planning, and training but studies remain sparse. This research project, led by UC Irvine associate professor of political science, Heidi Hardt, will explore why—and how—member states are adapting NATO to certain climate threats but not others. The research fills an interdisciplinary gap across security studies, sociology, and management literature on why international security organizations adapt.

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